Aarogya Homeopathy

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Psoriasis

Psoriasis meaning
Psoriasis meaning "itching condition" or "being itchy" is a common, chronic, relapsing/remitting, immune-mediated systemic disease characterized by skin lesions including red, scaly patches, papules, and plaques, which usually itch. The skin lesions seen in psoriasis may vary in severity from minor localized patches to complete body coverage. The disease affects 2–4% of the general population.

The five main types of psoriasis are plaque, guttate, inverse, pustular, and erythrodermic. Plaque psoriasis, the most common form, typically manifests as red and white scaly patches on the top layer of the skin. Skin cells rapidly accumulate at these plaque sites and create a silvery-white appearance. Plaques frequently occur on the skin of the elbows and knees, but can affect any area, including the scalp, palms of hands, and soles of feet, and genitals. In contrast to eczema, psoriasis is more likely to be found on the outer side of the joint. Fingernails and toenails are frequently affected (psoriatic nail dystrophy) and can be seen as an isolated sign. Inflammation of the joints, known as psoriatic arthritis, affects up to 30% of individuals with psoriasis.

The causes of psoriasis are not fully understood. It is not purely a skin disorder and can have a negative impact on many organ systems. Psoriasis has been associated with an increased risk of certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, and other immune-mediated disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. It is generally considered a genetic disease, thought to be triggered or influenced by environmental factors. Psoriasis develops when the immune system mistakes a normal skin cell for a pathogen, and sends out faulty signals that cause overproduction of new skin cells. It is not contagious. Oxidative stress, stress, and withdrawal of a systemic corticosteroid have each been suggested as a trigger for psoriasis. Injury to the skin can trigger local psoriatic skin changes known as the Koebner phenomenon.

How is Psoriasis caused?

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. The defense mechanism of body cannot differentiate between foreign triggers and its own cells. Hence, the immune system competes against normal cells of the body .The body forms new skin cells before the older ones complete their life cycle. Thus, the cells pile up and are shed as scales. 

How is Psoriasis triggered?

The exact cause of psoriasis is still not clear. The researchers have found that there are a number of factors which may individually or together cause the disease. Some studies indicate that it is a skin disorder which involves the whole body. Some of the factors which trigger psoriasis are given below: 
Genetics-It is not confirmed but researchers believe that psoriasis has a genetic preponderance.
Stress- Anxiety or stress can cause sudden flare up of the disease. 
Medication - Certain medicines like NSAIDS, lithium and beat blockers have been found to worsen the symptoms of psoriasis. 
Smoking and alcohol - They also increase the intensity of symptoms of psoriasis. 
Dryness of skin
Dry weather 
Infections -Bacterial or viral infections can flare up the disease of an individual who earlier suffered from psoriasis. 
Obesity -Many scientists believe that being overweight can trigger psoriasis.
HIV- Psoriasis is very common in the patients of AIDS

Signs and symptoms of psoriasis?

Psoriasis has varied clinical presentation. It can be mild, moderate or severe. The eruptions may be small rashes or in moderate cases, the skin gets inflamed with raised red areas topped with loose, silvery, scaling skin. In some cases the eruptions join to form bigger scars. Itching and tenderness may also be present.
Nail Changes in psoriasis-In psoriasis the nails are also effected usually. Pitting of the nails, whitening of the nail, small areas of bleeding from capillaries under the nail, yellow-reddish discoloration of the nails known as the oil drop or salmon spot, thickening of the skin under the nail, loosening and separation of the nail, and crumbling of the nail are seen. 
Psoriatic Arthritis- Psoriatic arthritis is a form of chronic inflammatory arthritis that frequently occurs in association with skin and nail psoriasis. It commonly affects the joints of the fingers and toes and causes inflammation and pain.

Types of Psoriasis?

Plaque psoriasis treatment in homeopathy

Plaque Psoriasis- it is also known as Psoriasis vulgaris. It is the most common type of psoriasis. The lesions appear mostly on elbows, knees, scalp and back, as raised areas of inflamed skin covered with silvery-white scaly skin. Severe itching, swelling and pain may also be present.



Guttate Psoriasis- Guttate Psoriasis is the second most common form of psoriasis, after plaque psoriasis. It occurs in children and young adults. It presents as small, red lesions on the arms, legs, torso and back, other parts may also be involved. The disease often begins after a “trigger” of strep throat, stress, skin injury, infection, or taking medication.red with silvery-white scaly skin. Severe itching, swelling and pain may also be present.

 


Flexural Psoriasis treatment in homeopathyFlexural Psoriasis- It is also known as inverse psoriasis. This type of psoriasis mostly appears on Skin folds, usually around the genitals (between the thigh and groin), the armpits, in the skin folds of an overweight abdomen, under the breasts. The eruptions are very red, shiny and smooth. Continuous friction between skin surfaces, heat and infection play the key role in this form of psoriasis.


Pustular psoriasis treatment in homeopathyPustular psoriasis- It is characterized by white pustules surrounded by skin. The pustules are filled with non- infectious pus. It may be generalized, covering the whole body or localized on the hands and feet. Generalized pustular psoriasis (pustular psoriasis of von Zumbusch), also known as impetigo herpetiformis during pregnancy, is a rare and severe form of psoriasis and it may require hospitalization.

 

 


Erythrodermic Psoriasis treatment in homeopathyErythrodermic Psoriasis- Erythrodermic Psoriasis is the most dangerous and least common. It is usually exacerbation of plaque psoriasis. Widespread inflammation and exfoliation of the skin of whole body is seen. Itching, swelling and pain are also present.

 

Diagnosis of Psoriasis

NO special blood tests or diagnostic procedures are required to diagnose Psoriasis. The diagnosis of psoriasis is clinical. Skin of the patients suffering from psoriasis is scaly with erythematous plaques, papules, or patches that may be painful and itch. If the clinical diagnosis is uncertain, a skin biopsy or scraping may be performed to rule out other disorders.

Name of the medicines commonly used according to similarity of sign and symptoms of the disease-characteristics and patient’s individualistic guiding symptoms with medicine:—
Arsenic alb, Arsenic
iod, Calcarea carb,
Graphites, Kali ars,
Lycopodium, Merc
sol, Mezerium,
Petroleum, Psorinum,
Sepia, Silicea,
Sulphur etc.
Characteristics and guiding symptoms of some medicines used in this disease are described below:

1.  Arsenic alb: When the skin is thickened with sensations of buming, itching and swelling. Chilly, restless and fear of death. Frequent thirst for small quantity of water.
2. Arsenic iod: When skin is dry, scaly, itching with marked excoriation of skin in large scales.
Bathing agg. Affected right side. Restless. 
3. Graphites: When eruptions and spots behind the ears, palms or backs of hands. Chilly,constipated, fearful and cracking of skin. Aversion to meat, fish, music and coition.
4. Kali ars: Skin is dry, scaly, withered in bends of arms and knees. Agg.- cold.
5. Petroleum: Worse from cold and in winter. Amel. by washing with cold water, cracking of skin, offensive perspiration. Chilly.
6. Sulphur: When skin is dry, scaly unhealthy, every little injury suppurates. Hot patient. Offensive and acrid discharge. Desire sweets, aversion to and agg. from milk. Buming heat of palm, sole and vertex..

Diet and Regimen

It is still not clear whether your diet can ease symptoms of psoriasis but some things need to be known for improving the quality of life of a patient of psoriasis.
The obesity factor- It is almost confirmed that psoriasis is more common in overweight people. Thus, losing weight by taking proper diet can reduce the severity of disease.
Avoid alcohol and smoking.
Glutein free diet -This is the most common thing people ask about, for psoriasis patient. There is no strong evidence of relation between psoriasis and gluten diet. According to some researchers, people with both psoriasis and celiac disease may improve if they avoid gluten, a protein found in grains like wheat and rye.
Vitamin D- Few studies found that people with psoriasis had lower levels of vitamin D. Thus, maintaining proper Vit D level may be helpful.
Fish Oil- People who take it tend to be a little less itchy, and their plaques tend to be a little less red, though fish oil cannot prevent psoriasis.

•    Take milk and vegetable diet.
•    Avoid beef, hilsha, prown, puty fish, bringal, bean etc.

Updated: June, 12 2015

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