Aarogya Homeopathy

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Stye (Hordeolum)

Your eyelids have lots of tiny oil glands, which can become clogged. When a gland is blocked, bacteria can grow inside. This is what causes a stye to develop.
A stye is medically known as Hordeolum. It presents itself as a lump or swelling on the eyelid.Styes occur due to the infection of the oil gland present at the edge of the eyelid. A stye can grow inside or outside an eyelid.It may be visible externally as a lump that is formed due to the blocked gland. In other cases, if it is present beneath the eyelid, it may not be visible. Only generalized redness and swelling is visible on the outside. Styes don't cause any vision problems. Neither near nor distant vision gets effected. The styes present themselves as a lump over the eye with redness, pain and swelling over the effected eye.

Are Styes Contagious?

The styes themselves are non contagious but the causative organism Staphylococcus bacterium can spread due to lack of hygiene. Thus, rubbing the eyes with dirty hands is one of the common causes of stye. It is for this reason styes are common in children.

How is stye caused?

A stye is caused by the infection of bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus. A gland at the base of eyelid gets blocked, as a result of this a swelling develops on the eyelid. It is an infection of the sebaceous glands, gland of Zeis at the base of the eyelashes, or an infection of the apocrine sweat glands, gland of Moll.

Types of stye:

External stye or Hordeolum External- It is a lump on the outside of the eyelid which may cause swelling of the whole eye. It is externally visible, thus called external stye.
Internal stye or Hordeolum Internal- Internal styes are infections of the Meibomian sebaceous glands lining the inner surface of the eyelids. They also cause swelling and redness of the eye.

Symptoms of stye:

The bacteria may infect either one eye or both eyes at a time. In some patient crops of styes may develop. Many individuals suffer from recurrent styes.. The symptoms depend on the strength of attacking bacteria and the immunity of effected individual. The symptoms listed below are present in the infected eye:

  • Lump above or below the eyelid
  • Redness
  • Pain 
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Drooping of the eyelids
  • Burning sensation 
  • Itching and irritation 
  • Watering of the eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • Difficulty in blinking
  • Difficult vision- It is because of partial closure of effected eye and drooping of eyelid.

Complications of Stye

A stye usually heals without any complications, if it is managed properly. Mostly the complications develop due to lack of hygiene of eye during the infection and recurrent touching. The complications may be as follows:
Chalazion- A long standing stye may change into chalazion. Chalazions develop when one of the glands on lid is blocked and this leads to cosmetic deformity.
Eyelid cellulitis- Styes rarely lead to generalized infection of the eyelid. It presents as pain, redness, swelling and heat of the infected lid.
Lid Fistula- Improper surgical lancing of the eyelid may form a fistula of the eyelid.
Lid deformity- This is a rare complication which occurs due to faulty surgery of the stye.
Frequent recurrence.

Management of Stye

Homeopathic medicines have a good scope in the treatment of stye. Apart from symptomatic relief like ameliorating the pain and swelling Homeopathy has a very good role in preventing the recurrence.
Some of the Homeopathic medicines are given below:

  • Belladonna
  • Lappa Arcticum
  • Apis mellifica

Eye care during styes

Warm Compresses- Keeping a neat, warm cloth on eyes for 5-10 minutes reduces pain and swelling on eyes.Warm compresses can also carried out using tea bags.
Hygiene of the eye- For preventing infection, avoid touching the eye again and again.

Updated: December, 1 2015