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Jaundice

jaundice treatment in homeopathy. Overview of jaundice, a condition that is common in infants but also can affect children and adults.
Jaundice or icterus is yellow discolouration of skin and mucous membrane due to excess of bilirubin pigment in blood.Normal bilirubin level in blood plasma is 0.3 -1 mg/dl .A concentration higher than approximately 3mg/dl causes jaundice.Bilirubin is an orange-yellow pigment formed in the liver by the breakdown of haemoglobin and excreted in bile.When the level of this pigment rises above a threshold level,the skin and the whites of eyes turn yellow, this is referred as jaundice. As red blood cells break down, body builds new cells to replace them. The old ones are processed by the liver. If the liver cannot handle the blood cells as they break down, bilirubin builds up in the body and skin may look yellow.this is referred to as jaundiceJaundice is often associated with liver diseaseslike hepatitis or gallbladder diseases like gal blader stone, GB tumour or pancreatic carcinoma etc. 

HOW IS JAUNDICE CAUSED

Jaundice is not a disease itself but a symptom only, it develops due to underlyeing pathology of the hepatobiliary system..When the hemoglobin pigment , present in Red Blood Cells breaks into Haem(iron part) & globin(protein).the protein portion is further decomposed intoamino acids.the Haem portion is split into iron , carbon monooxide and Biliverdin(green colour pigment).This .Biliverdin is further broken into yellow colored pigment Bilirubin. This bilirubin is unconjugated,free or indirect.th unconjugated bilirubin travels to liver through bloodstream and converts to conjugated bilirubin which is water soluble & passed out of liver into the biliary & cystic ducts as a part of bile.bilirubin is converted into urobilinogen which further changes to Stercobilin and urobilin which give colour to faeces & urine respectively.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF JAUNDICE

  • Urine and stool may be more yellow.
  • Urine and stool may be more yellow.
  • Itching (Pruritis ) of body due to bilirubin in blood.
  • Loss of apetite.
  • Generalized weakness.
  • Easily Tired.

 

TYPES OF JAUNDICE

When the metabolism and exctheretion of bilirubin is effected , jaundice develops.According to the place of obstruction it can be – 

Pre Hepatic Jaundice –The pathology is occurring before liver.There is an increased rate of destructon of the blood pigment Haemoglobin.Defects in bilirubin metabolism lead to icterus.eg Gilbert’s Syndrome,Crigler – Najjar Syndrome
Hepatic JaundiceThe pathology is found in liver- In ths there is cholestasis ie bile is colle cted .eg chronic hepatitis, hepatotoxicity, cirrhosis, drug-induced hepatitis andalcoholic liver disease. The Hepatic Jaundice this is also knowd as obstructive jaundice.There is some kind of obstruction in the drainage of Bile eg Gall stone in common bile duct, Pancreatic CA.
Neonatal Jaundic- Seen in infants between second day to fourteenth day of birthTypical causes for neonatal jaundice include normal physiologic jaundice, jaundice due to formula supplementation,[11] and hemolytic disorders that includehereditary spherocytosis, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, pyruvate kinase deficiency, ABO/Rh blood type autoantibodies, or infantile pyknocytosis.

HOW TO DIAGNOSE JAUNDICE

Jaundice is diagnosed by Variuos blood tests which include.

  • Total Protein.
  • Serum bilirubin.
  • Serum bilirubin.
  • Aminotransferases(ALT, AST).
  • Alkaline Phosphatases(APT).

COMPLICATIONS

Jaundice hampers the liver functions .Thus it can lead to sepsis especially cholangitis, biliary cirrhosis, pancreatitis, coagulopathy, renal and liver failure.

Updated: February, 17 2015

Comments (2)

  1. Ankush Feb 27 2015 8:53PM Reply
    Worthy Information :)
  2. sanjeev Feb 16 2015 8:52PM Reply
    Very helpful information..

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