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Dysentery

Dysentery
Dysentery is the infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhoea with the presence of blood and mucus in the faces. Dysentery can also be defined as diarrhoea with blood in stools. It is usually accompanied by severe abdominal pains and cramps. Dysentery can be caused by bacterial infection or viral infection or parasitic infestation.

Types of Dysentery

Dysentery is broadly divided into following types depending on causative organism:
Amoebiasis: This dysentery is caused by Entamoeba histolytica, an amoeba. it is also known as amoebic dysentery.
Shigellosis: This is bacillary dysentery, caused by bacteria Shigella.

How is Dysentery caused?

 Dysentery is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine specially the colon. The causative organisms enter human body through oral route by ingestion of infected food and water. After entering the body, these micro-organisms damage the mucosa of the colon. This leads to development of various symptoms of dysentery.

Signs and Symptoms Dysentery:

  • Frequent loose stools which contain blood or pus or mucus
  • Blood in stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chills and Fever
  • Painful passing of stools
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • If managed on time, dysentery is a non fatal disease but in rare cases it can be complicated, leading to dehydration and/or liver abscess.

Diagnosis of Dysentery:

The diagnosis of dysentery is mainly clinical but following tests are done according to the need:

Stool Test
Blood Test

Management of Dysentery:

Drink lots of fluid to prevent dehydration
Take ORS or homemade sugar & salt solution.
Eat small and light meals

How is Dysentery Prevented?

Individuals can take measures to reduce their risk of infection by regularly washing their hands, especially before and after going to the toilet and preparing food. Use clean and purified water not only for drinking but also for brushing your teeth.
The vegetables should be cooked at high temperatures to kill the causative micro organisms. Always eat freshly cut fruits that are peeled just while eating. Keep minimum contact with the infected person and wash his clothes separately in hot water.

Dysentery is a common disease in developing ratio but its incidence can be prevented by following good personal and food hygiene.

Homeopathy Medicine for Dysentery

1. Aconite nap: A remedy in a season when the days are warm and nights cool. Fever, restlessness, frequent, scanty and bloody stools with mucus and tenesmus. Dysentery from fear and suppressed perspiration. Symptoms appear sudden and violently, disappear suddenly. Fear
of death. Severe frequent thirst for large quantity of water.
2. Aloe s: Sense of weakness in the rectum, as if the stool would escape involuntarily. Fullness feeling in rectum. Dysentery aggravated after eating and moming. Ameliorated by cold water and evening. Alternating dysentery and constipation.
3. Colocynth: If there is much colic, relieved by bending double. Dysentery during dentition and from anger. Stool with blood and greenish. Aggravation after eating.
4. Ferrurn phos: Used in place Aconite nap when there is greater passage of blood.
5. Ipecac: Caused by eating raw fruits or sour fruit. where a large quantity of mucus is expelled with weakness and vomiting. The patient has tendency to vomiting, nausea,
haemorrhage and difficult respiration. Clean tongue and thirstlessness.
6. Merc cor: Intense painful tenesmus and scanty bloody stool with burning and cramping pain in anus after stool. Scanty urine. Autumn dysentery.
7. Merc sol: Intense pain and severe tenesmus with bloody greenish stool, profuse thirst, saliva and sweating with offensive odour. The patient is susceptible to hot, or both to heat and
cold.
8. Nitric acid: Burning and tickling in the rectum, tenesmus, pain after stool. Stool is black like coal-tar and offensive. Aggravation from milk and at night. The patient is chilly.
Offensive discharges.
9. Nux vorn: With frequent ineffectual desire for stool, with gripping pain and tenesmus, which ceases after evacuation. Passes small quantity of stool with mucus and blood at a
time, with sensation as if not finished. Aggravation in morning, from meat and pungent foods. The patient is oversensitive, angry and chilly.
10. Sulphur: Chronic cases, where tenesmus exists all the time and there is frequent and sudden urging to stool, patient is turned to worse in the morning for evacuation. I ' ' Aggravation from milk. Dysentery from suppressed eruptions or unhygienic conditions. The patient desires for sweets and aversion to milk. It is restless, thirsty with burning in sole, palm and vertex. Susceptible to hot.

Updated: February, 17 2015

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