Aarogya Homeopathy

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Dengue

Dengue (Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever or DHF, Dengue, shock syndrome, DSS, breakbone Fever)
Dengue or Dengue fever or breakbone fever is viral disease that is caused by mosquito bite. The fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The symptoms of dengue include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain along with a characteristic measels like rash. It is not spread from one person to other by direct contact.

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a kind of viral fever caused by mosquito bite. It usually starts with high grade fever accompanied by severe headache and bodyache. Hence also known as 'breakdown fever'. In the initial stages and under proper management dengue can be easily cured.

What is Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever or Dengue Shock Syndrome?

DSS is a serious and life threatening complication of dengue fever. The illness usually begins with the symptoms similar to dengue like high fever, headache, rashes. Later it becomes potentially critical, the patient's condition detoriates after long standing fever. The DSS is characterized by tiny blood spots below the skin (petechiae) and larger patches of blood below the skin (ecchymoses) there may be bleeding from nose, ears, and anus. The body temperature falls. The clotting mechanism of body may fail at later stages of the disease which may be life threatening. Patients can recover from DSS if proper management and treatment is done at the right time.

Signs and symptoms of Dengue

The signs and symptoms of dengue may vary depending on the severity of symptoms. The common symptoms are listed below:

  • High fever
  • Intense Headache
  • Severe pain in muscles and bones
  • Decreased platelet count
  • In some cases bleeding from gums and nose may be present
  • Other symptoms include-Nausea, Vomiting, Rashes 

Complications of Dengue

Dengue can be life threatening in some instances if proper management is not done. The complications are
Persistent diarrhoea and vomiting causing dehydration
Bleeding and leakage from capillaries under the skin which causes which looks like bruises or patachiae.
Decreased number of platelets in blood that are responsible for blood clotting.Hence increased risk of bleeding from any part of body.
Multiple organ failure.

How is dengue caused?

Dengue is caused by the bite of a mosquito named, Ades aegypti, which is a carrier for the infection. When the mosquito bites a person having the virus of dengue, it carries the infection and it spreads to the person to the next person he bites. The disease is not transferred from one person to other.

Can a person have dengue more than once? 

There are five variants of the virus that causes dengue. A person becomes immune to the infection which he got during the earlier attack. It means one variant of dengue infects only once in his lifetime but the danger of getting infected from other variants persists. 

How to diagnose dengue?

The initial diagnosis of dengue is based on the symptoms of the clinical symptoms of the patient. Travel history of areas having dengue fever outbreak is important. The patient presents with high fever, rashes, joint pain and in some cases bleeding from various outlets of the body. Further investigations include:

  • Leukocyte count
  • Haematocrit 
  • ELISA for Dengue virus
  • Platelet Count

Prevention of Dengue:

Dengue can be controlled by preventing the spread of mosquitoes. There are a few simple steps that can be helpful in this:
Avoid stagnation of water in coolers or ponds -As the female Angeles lays eggs on stagnant water
Wear full sleeves clothes as far as possible. -This is because these mosquitoes bite during the day Keep clean.

Management of Dengue:

Dengue can be treated easily like any other viral infection if proper management is done.
For the patient :
Keep the patient well hydrated
Ask him to take rest
Monitor the platelet count-The case is alarming if the count goes below 10, 000 per cumm, it may need a transfusion of platelets.

Homeopathic Management: 

Homeopathic medicines have very good results as far as dengue is considered. Conventional medicines which have aspirin or Ibuprofen should never be given to a patient of dengue as it adversely effects the already decreased platelet count.
List of homeopathic medicines for dengue:

  • Eupatorium perforeatum
  • Gelsemium
  • Belladonna
  • Ipecac
  • Hamamelis
  • Secale cornuatum
  • Sulphuricum acidum
  • Lachesis
Updated: October, 17 2015

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